Know Your Terpenes

By James C. Gentile / April 13, 2018
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Terpenes are the major cannabinoids but unlike many of them. They don’t require a high level in cannabis to announce their presence. Known also as just terps, they are quite common to literally every cannabis subspecies. That means that terps are common for both indicas and sativas. Terpenes play a very important role in the flavor and scent of your favorite strains and we will go through a list of the ones that are most represented.

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The first terp on our list is Limonene. Also known as the most desirable terp in all cannabis, you can find this terp in most citrus and tropical fruits. Think about cannabis resin, limes, oranges and lemons. So, when you peel an orange or grind your buds, you can sense the terpene explosion in the air. That is exactly why this terp is the first to be most prevalent in all cannabis strains.

It appears relatively quickly in the bloodstream and is quite easy to absorb by simple inhalation and it directly allows THC to reach its destination, the brain and increase the absorption rate of all other terpenes. Which leads us to our second terpenes in line, Pinene.

This terp is in charge of the aroma and most of the time it is associated with the resins of pine trees. Or any other non-coniferous and conifers plants like big sagebrush. It is also present in numerous essential oils produced by herbs such as eucalyptus. Sage or rosemary and is a major turpentine component. Pinene contributes properties and odor as a solvent.

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Among many effects Pinene has, it also contributes to memory retention and promotes alertness while being a bronchodilator. That means that it allows deeper smoke inhalation which ensures better absorption of terpenoids and cannabinoids. The third in line of the most prevalent cannabis terps is Myrcene. It provides aroma and flavor hints and it contributes to the overall strain effect.c

Valuable property

It has a valuable property of forming a paramount component of the essential oils of multiple herbs besides cannabis including hops, mango, parsley, wild thyme, bay and lemongrass. This terpene is mostly used in the perfume making process as it is perfect for the preparation of fragrance and flavor chemicals like linalool, nerol, citronellal or menthol.

When it comes to cannabis, this terp provides an aroma with minty. Mango and tropical nuances while still being earthy, clove-like and hoppy. Other than these most prevalent terpenes, there are two more: Linalool and Terpinolene although they are present in low quantities.

About the author

James C. Gentile